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Two surgeons create a technique that adult stem cells regenerated face three patients
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The pilot study, conducted by Joaquin Pedro Mendonça and Juiz, is the first worldwide, published in a medical journal This new therapy opens a door to the future treatment of heart disease, Parkinson's, diabetes and spinal cord injuries Two surgeons Lugo, Joaquin Pedro Mendonça Charity and Juiz, able to reconstruct the face of three patients with a revolutionary technique in the world, based on adult stem cell implantation. The research, which was conducted from Polusa sanatorium, in the last fifteen years, this week won the recognition of the international scientific community after publication in the prestigious medical journal, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons for over 60 years. The article 'Regenerating Facial reconstruction of terminal stage osteoradionecrosis and other advanced craniofacial diseases with adult cells cultured', signed by head and neck surgeons Joaquin Pedro Mendonça Juiz Charity and is causing a real "revolution", as the authors described in the medical community, having been published and, therefore, revalidated the results of their investigation by the said publication in November last number, which hit the streets on Tuesday Doctors Joaquin Pedro Mendonça and Juiz got regenerate tissues and bones of the faces of three patients who were transplant candidates and having already exhausted other avenues of treatment. The implantation of adult stem cells extracted from the spinal cord of patients and then cultured and multiplied, managed-in the three cases under this pilot-regenerate not only bones and skin but also the blood vessels and nerves these three patients. Something that, initially, lacked either surgeons. Until now, treatments for such cases, all with severe damage and loss of bone tissue transfers were limited to non-vascularized and vascularized tissue to the implantation of mechanical devices to tissue grafts from other patients and, more recently, face transplants. The implantation of stem cells can, however, compared with other therapies, patients recover the shape of your face and the previous functions of the various tissues with patient's own genetic material. This pilot study, conducted in the sanatorium Polusa with three patients in the last two and half years, obtained a special permit from the Ministry of Health. All this was done with very thorough and controls from Lugo, without subsidies or state enterprises. In the study, also helped, as volunteers, other doctors from the center as Maria Jesus Lopez, Manuel Lauda, Juan Ferreiro and Medardo Meilan. Stem cells extracted from patients in all three cases, bone marrow through the pelvis. Although they are rare,-the ratio is one in a million, in the three cases that are part of this pilot study was extracted enough genetic material which would then be forwarded to the center that the American company Aastrom had, until recently recently in Madrid for selection and cultivation. Cells were traveling in bags and special transportation to the center of Aastrom, the only company licensed in Europe for the culture of this material. The selection and multiplication of stem cells is performed on twelve days under extreme controls. Back in Lugo, cells were exposed to atmosphere before being implanted osteogenic again to patients. The results were swift and startling. Three or four months, one patient with all tissues of the face by a radiation burn, recovered bone, skin, blood vessels, nerves and to the parotid (salivary). This patient, a candidate for a face transplant, is still recovering today although two years passed since the operation, said Dr. Mendonça. The adult stem cell technique was introduced also a victim with multiple injuries, including nerve, and another patient with a massive bone loss. In both cases, recovered tissues. The success of these treatments opens a door to their possible application in the near future, a spinal cord injury, heart diseases, Parkinson's and diabetes, says Mendonça. "A new era is emerging. In 200 or 300 years, chemical treatments will not, be with genetic material. If you are missing a leg, it will regenerate your own stem cells. Like the salamander regenerates its tail or stem cells produce other arm octopus if you break one, "concludes this surgeon. DIFFERENCES Adult or embryonic cells?